The Two Lefts in France: Divisions over Zionism and Israel
(Centre d’Histoire Sociale du XXe Siècle, University of Paris, France)
6.30pm, 26 January 2017
The Balfour Declaration (1917) boosted Zionism in France. Although the movement enjoyed the support of the Socialists in the Inter-war period, it was denounced by the Communist Party (CP) and the ultra-left. The creation of the State of Israel marked the beginning of a new era. Why support for Israel grew strongly among French socialists from 1954 due to their opposition to Nasser’s politics in Algeria, the CP took a more critical stance. Post 1967 changes in the French-Israeli relationship left the left sharply divided: While the Socialists continue to support Israeli unconditionally, the CP backs the Arab countries. This vigorous debate continues until today.
Michel Dreyfus is a Historian and Research Director at the CNRS (Centre d’histoire sociale du XXe siècle-Université de Paris 1). He has written about Dreyfus Affair and published numerous books on the history of the French and the international labour movements. His work L’antisémitisme à gauche. Histoire d’un paradoxe (1830-2009) appeared in 2009 (2nd ed. 2011).
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